In 2013 the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Service Centre for Africa commissioned a study of six countries in the eastern and southern regions of Africa as part of its strategic initiative to develop capacities for accessing climate finance.
OneWorld was subsequently chosen and appointed to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the climate finance readiness, of six African countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia and Lesotho). The research methodology was built on an in-depth desktop analysis of climate change and public finance management policies, strategies and frameworks pertaining to each country. This was complemented by a participatory approach involving extensive fieldwork in each country. The fieldwork included face-to-face interviews and roundtable discussions with key experts and stakeholders from lead sectors, civil society and NGOs. One of the most important outcomes of this study was the development of a set of indicators which supports a more nuanced framework for assessing and gauging a country’s climate finance readiness. These indicators were developed along the four pillars of climate finance readiness (planning, accessing, delivery and MRV) established by the UNDP Climate Finance Readiness Framework; however, are informed by the research process. The study also identified a set of key recommendations that address the critical challenges facing developing countries’ access to global climate finance. This multi-level approach culminated in the development of a report that gives a comprehensive analysis of the global climate finance landscape and sources of funding, as well as an analysis the common challenges African countries face in accessing global climate funds. The results of the study provided crucial insight into the importance of politically-endorsed cross-sectoral intra-and inter-ministerial support, as well as decentralised ownership of responsibilities, for delivery of climate finance at a local level. In addition, six detailed country case studies were developed and presented by in-country experts at the roundtable discussions. The case study method and roundtable discussion served to provide the critical insights into country specific challenges and strengths, validate the research findings and promote country ownership of all outputs. Another noteworthy outcome of the project was the establishment of a shared learning platform, which allowed case study countries to share experiences and work collectively towards identifying solutions. A final output of the project is a policy brief which informs next steps towards creating the enabling environment that supports optimised access to global funds.