Supporting the Development of a GCF Proposal for
Vulnerable Smallholder Farming Communities and Agro-pastoral Systems in Semi-Arid Areas of Tanzania
In Tanzania, annual average temperatures have increased by 1.0ºC since 1960 and are projected to reach 1.7°C (2.5°C in the semi-arid areas) by 2030, with droughts becoming more prevalent and intense as well. The semi-arid areas are characterised by poor soil fertility, erosion, degradation and deforestation and are prone to drought, and are already experiencing more intense and frequent droughts and floods, exacerbating land degradation and impacting negatively on the production of livestock and crops. Communities in these areas are considered the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which directly threatens their livelihoods.
The IUCN, in partnership with the Tanzania government, are formulating a five year project to address these vulnerabilities: “Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Smallholder Farming Communities and Agro-pastoral Systems in Semi-Arid Areas of Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar – ECCRA project” for submission to the Green Climate Fund (GCF).
OneWorld has been contracted by the IUCN to carry out the necessary feasibility studies to support the full proposal. The assignment involves updating the concept note and developing feasibility studies to support the project interventions, as well as developing the full GCF project proposal.
The four components are: Climate resilient landscape management planning; climate proofing selected agricultural value chains; climate infrastructure and services; and strengthening institutional capacities.
The feasibility study was underpinned by thorough and targeted stakeholder engagement and gender sensitive participatory analysis. The agricultural value chain assessments examined the structure of the value chains, identified key value chain actors, described production, aggregation, processing, marketing, farmer organisation, and different levels of private-sector participation to identify key value chain performance and inclusiveness constraints. The climate change adaptation and emission reduction identified the key interventions required to improve the resilience of landscapes and of agriculture value chains, and to increase energy access and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
This involves updating the project concept note, developing technical feasibility studies, various sector assessments, stakeholder engagements, and site visits. Specific technical feasibility assessments include: private sector and producer associations assessment, emissions and energy efficiency assessment, environmental and social safeguards assessment, economic and financial appraisal and gender analysis.