Climate change poses health risks and vulnerabilities to the people of Tanzania while exacerbating existing inequalities. In response to climate change and its impact on public health, the Tanzanian Ministry of Health (MoH) developed the Health National Adaptation Plan (H-NAP) to guide efforts in reducing the vulnerability of the country’s public health system to climate change impacts by enhancing adaptive capacity and resilience within the sector. In 2024, the plan requires a review and update, to ensure that adaptation strategies and actions effectively address the rapidly changing environment.

Through the updated H-NAP and by applying a climate lens, OneWorld will outline practical measures for the Tanzanian government, addressing facets within the healthcare system, namely adaptation, i.e. systemic adjustments, and specifically targeting the increased burden of disease due to climate change impacts and inequality, which underpins the developmental and socio-economic backdrop for the H-NAP.

OneWorld will employ a mixed methods approach, including literature and document reviews, data analysis, and stakeholder engagement. We will analyse the current policy landscape, including the existing H-NAP; climate risks and vulnerabilities and the adaptive capacity of the healthcare system; and carbon emissions generated by the health sector. We will take a partnership-based approach to developing the H-NAP for 2024-2030.

We will work with relevant healthcare stakeholders from the government, health institutions, and the private sector to co-develop and co-validate solutions. The plan’s success is contingent on adequate financing, and OneWorld will identify opportunities and provide recommendations for healthcare in Tanzania to secure the required funding as part of this project.

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United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)




January – September 2024
Ecosystem-based Approaches for transforming smallholder farming systems in South Africa (GCF Project Preparation Services)
Stone Town, Zanzibar, TanzaniaConducting sectoral climate change vulnerability assessments for Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar