Global warming is driving changes of extreme weather that will have impacts on food security, human and animal health, energy supply and water resources. Adaptation strategies are urgently needed not only to adjust to these new conditions, but also to meet the needs of the growing world population in this increasingly challenging environment.

Adaptation is needed to cope with these changes. Provision must be made to store more water, especially in the subtropics, and to manage it better during the longer dry periods. Infiltration should be encouraged in agricultural practices through better soil surface cover (mulching), to help reduce terrestrial surface temperatures and reduce plant stress.

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