The report focuses first on the problem of undernourishment in southern Africa, and then provides a broader discussion around food security. It must be noted that ‘undernourishment’ and ‘food security’ are two distinct terms. Undernourishment refers to an absolute minimum standard of caloric (energy) intake, while food security is a broader term which includes adequate access to food.

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (UN World Food Summit, 1996).

RECOMMENDED CITATION De Wit, M.P. & Midgley, S.J.E. 2012, Hunger and climate change: an analysis of key variables in southern Africa. For the Regional Climate Change Programme for Southern Africa (RCCP), UK Department for International Development (DFID) Cape Town: OneWorld Sustainable Investments.

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